A Personal Model of Improving Life Through the Choice of Improving the Lifestyle

Published: 2021-09-23 21:10:06
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The Health Promotion Model is a means of empowering people to change their lifestyle through choices. Choices that promote health and well-being arise through motivation and desire to be better self-managers. This Health Promotion involves using community resources readily available, free of charge, to encourage physical activity. This Health Promotion activity has focused on patient education through the handing out of educational materials, encouragement of continued participation and opportunities from the local Baptist churches involved, and through a real-time presentation that physical activity will reduce BMI. As a means of continued motivation this Health Promotion Model has also connected each participant with lifestyle coach for continued counselling and support within the community. The goal of this Health Promotion is to increase physical activity in African-American low-income women and to educate on how to shop cost-effectively for fresh foods and encourage changes in diet.
Describe how this model would support your proposal.The Health Promotion Model has four assumptions: people strive to make changes and control their own behaviour, people change their attitudes and perceptions and their environment, medical professionals participate and influence people to change their behaviors, and that people initiate the changes in their environment, attitudes, perceptions through a sustainable change in behaviour. For this Health Promotion Model dance is incorporated into the lives of African-American women through community involvement at Baptist churches. The inception, implementation, integration, and sustainable continuance of dance is the foundation for the success of this health Model.
Dance as a means of physical activity is an intervention to decrease obesity. African American women are the target population. Two Baptist churches were contacted and a partnership was formed to address obesity in Columbus, OH low-income communities. The dance activity will take place twice a week for eight weeks. The dance classes will be choreographed and gospel music will be selected prior to the classes start date. The Body Mass Index of the female participants will be checked bi-weekly after class. Participation requires being able to stay after class for these measurements (Murrock and Gary, 2010).
Seventy-eight percent of African-American women are overweight and 51% are obese. These percentages are the highest amongst all racial groups. A diagnosis of Cardio-Vascular Disease, Type 2 Diabetes, and hypertension are more prevalent in African-American women as well. Studies show that culturally specific physical activity for 30 minutes a day will help reduce obesity. Dance is a moderately intensive physical activity that is culturally specific. Along with losing weight dance also reduces body fat and lowers the Body Mass Index (Murrock and Gary, 2010; “Leading Health Indicators”, 2012).).
Be certain to include the advantages and disadvantages relevant to the model you chose.
Disadvantages include: breaking the cycle of the negative impact of past family behavior and cultural traditions (i.e. I never learned how to dance so I don’t view dance as exercise or a fun physical activity) and people make the pledge, but never follow through with the action (i.e. at the end of the 10 week dance class the church and participants may say they will continue to meet, but they may let their hectic lives distract them from doing so).
Advantages include: increased confidence in the person’s ability to manage their wait through making heathier choices (i.e. taking the stairs instead of the elevator or taping a television show and doing to the dance class instead of watching television in real time); providing positive encouragement through the counselling of a life coach; pointing out that one misconception about physical activity may mean decision on lifestyle may be based on other misconceptions; and empowering people to sustain their lifestyle changes through commitment to the community (i.e. a participant can achieve the status of teacher).
Other disadvantages and advantages for continued discussion are as follows. The disadvantage of the behavior model Dance is that dance programs have not been studied specifically for African-American women. This behavior model will be a first in the study of cultural dance as an activity for weight loss in African-American women.
Advantages include partnerships within the community to promote health and well-being. By including ministers, church officials, and female parishioners the model can be used to attract other groups and organizations within the community to participate in this Health Promotion Action Plan. Community participation is an outreach program for obesity interventions that are designed to change the beliefs and values within the community as they pertain to health and well-being (Murrock and Gary, 2010).
Topic 2: Community Model: Partnering with local Baptist Churches.
Describe how this model would support your proposal.
The Social Ecological Model is centered in understanding how influencing behaviors can create change in a person and the environment. Behaviors are influenced through specific factors that change perceptions, attitudes, actions about personal health and well-being. This Social Ecological Model is a health achievement model where higher levels of health and well-being are self-actualized.
Partnering with community Baptist churches provides a large target population for the Dance Model. African-American women between the ages of 35 and 75 make up a large portion of the congregation in African=American Baptist churches in the Columbus, OH low-income communities. The churches have been a fixture in these communities for five decades. They provide convenience to the African-American women in the community. In order to participate in the dance classes each woman needed to provide medical clearance from their healthcare provider and they had to sign a consent form for bi-weekly measuring of BMI. Data collected will be presented in a report to the women who participated in the dance class 30 days after the last session (Murrock and Gary, 2010; “Program Planning”, 2012).
Be certain to include the advantages and disadvantages relevant to the model you chose.
Disadvantages include: Limited tracking options for following the longevity of behavior changes, how decreased BMI increased people’s functioning, was super health achieved, were there any adverse effects to the person’s changes in attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors.
Advantages include: By asking the participants in the model specific questions about their thought process they were able to reflect with purpose on their eating and activity choices. Questions asked included: Have you ever felt the need to cut down on your eating? Have you ever felt annoyed by remarks about your physical size? Have you ever felt guilty or remorseful about your inability to walk or play with your children in a sports activity? Do you eat when you are not hungry? Does eating calm you down?
Other disadvantages and advantages for continued discussion are as follows. The advantage of the Dance Model is that it attracted the population within low-income communities who had the highest percentage of obesity—African-American women. Physical activity reduces depression, anxiety, and has a positive effect on other chronic health issues beyond obesity. The opportunity to education African-American women about the complications of mental and physical health resulting from obesity was a positive by-product of the initiative.
A disadvantage of the Dance Model was that it ended. Ten weeks which was the duration of the class was a short period of time to change the population’s attitude pertaining to incorporating 30 minutes of physical activity into everyday life. Educational materials were provided and a request that community churches continue on with the dance classes was made. Participants and church ministers spoke positively about continuing on with the Dance Model beyond the 10 week duration. Participants reported they benefited from participation in the Dance Model. The women reported increased energy levels, a reduction in the amount of food they ate during meal time, their dispositions were happier, and they looked forward to attending the next class (“Obesity, What Can be Done?”, 2015).

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