Africa's Lack of even the Basest Living Conditions: Safe Drinking Water and Sanitary System

Published: 2021-09-23 05:30:10
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Category: Ecology

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Water sanitation in Africa has been a problem for many years. About 750 million people lack access to safe drinking water, and in many areas people are suffering from an absence of sanitation systems. 6-8 million people die per year due to unsanitary water, which is more than the number of people that die due to natural disasters. (Getting Serious About the World Water Shortage) Culture Grams graphs show Egypt has managed to increase sanitation by 96% from 1990 – 2012. Whereas Ethiopia has improved by only 24%. I chose this topic because problems in third world countries interest me, and want to find a way to solve them. Ethiopia can improve sanitation by providing education on sanitation, distributing basic water sanitation tools, or they could save money to build freshwater wells throughout communities.
People that lack the knowledge of sanitation are one of the main offenders of speading polluted water. According to the Water_sanitation_health organization, in 2002 Northern Africa achieved sanitation coverage levels of close to 90% or more. 83% of the world’s population, around 5.2 million people, used improved drinking water sources. (Drinking Water Coverage) In Egypt the water is tremendously polluted, and people that are desperate for jobs bring water from trucks that are used to carry gas. This water is mostly coming from the nearest polluted source, which is wastewater canals. This has led to obstacles in Egypt like political instability conflict. High rates of population growth has lowered the amount of sanitary water received from clean sources. Contamination of water can make the effects of water scarcity worse, and likewise, water scarcity can make contamination more serious. By providing knowledge on sanitation crisis like these we can prevent people from spreading polluted water.Many communities lack such basics as a safe water source and simple toilets. By handing out basic sanitation supplies Ethiopia can help the other 76% of its nation that is currently living without sanitary water. Ethiopia’s main health problem is the spread of disease caused by untreated water and poor sanitation. During times of drought these diseases are rampant. Surface water sources such as springs and ponds dry up, leaving sources that are heavily contaminated. Basic water tools will help a little with this problem, but at least can filter out the excess contaminated particles.
Sanitation in Ethiopia is one of the poorest in the world. Only 24% of Ethiopia’s population has access to sanitary water. Another problem is that most Ethiopians live far from water sources causing children and families to walk miles in order fetch water. A majority of the time the water is highly contaminated and is unfit to drink as it is shared by animals and humans alike. This causes livestock to die and creates famine around Ethiopia. By building wells we can help bring freshwater and prevent famine.
In conclusion, Ethiopia is an underdeveloped country but scientists prove within the next few years Ethiopia will be able to increase sanitation, and over half the country will have access to fresh water/wells. By improving sanitation families and communities will come closer together and children will be able to participate in activities.

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