Fuel Wood and Fodder Consumption Uttarakhand

Published: 2021-09-14 09:00:08
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Category: Plants, Asia

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According to an estimate, in India by the year 2020 there will be a requirement of 526 Mt of dry fodder, 855 Mt of green fodder and 56 Mt of concentrate feed (Dikshit and Birthal 2010). As compared to plane (plain) regions, the fodder demand of hilly regions is met mostly from the forest (13.01 kg) and rest from non-forest lands (8.81 kg), whereas, in the plane areas fodder requirement is fulfilled largely from the non-forest lands (33.62 kg) and forest provide a meager portion of the fodder (0.02 kg) (Pandey 2011). According to Sharma et al. (2009) around 75% of fodder comes from the forest for feeding domestic livestock.
The total daily fodder requirement in the Sari and Makku-math villages in the Garhwal Himalayas was 4758.65 kg, where the maximum and minimum fodder availability from forest varies from 1211.14 kg/day/village and 838.24 kg/day/village (Khanduri et al. 2002). In the villages of central Himalayan range the total fodder requirement was 402.72 MT (metric ton), whereas the total available fodder was found to be 281.76 MT (Singh and Sundriyal, 2009).The fodder consumption in the villages of Mandal, Khalla, Chaundiyar and Dikholi was found to be 40, 40.5, 31.6 and 27.2 kg/day for each household respectively (Sharma et al. 2009). The average daily utilization of tree fodder in six villages of Garhwal region during winter and summer season ranges from 659.53 to 2015.52 kg/day/village and 305.02 to 1015.17 kg/day/village (Bijalwan et al. 2011). Along an altitudinal gradient and during summer and winter season, the total green fodder collection varies from 64.4±3.60 to 84.0±6.23 kg/day/household, whereas the total dry fodder collection varies from 62.4±1.66 to 80.4±5.11 kg/day/household in the Garhwal Himalayas (Dhyani et al. 2011).
There is an increase in forest biomass consumption from lower (12 kg/day/household) to higher (34 kg/day/household) elevation in the Kewer Gadhera Sub-Watershed (Sati and Song, 2012). In the Kedarnath wildlife sanctuary the average daily fodder consumption along an altitudinal gradient was found to be 43.96 kg/household (Malik et al. 2014). The total fodder requirement in the villages of Kosi watershed in summer and winter season was found to be 6344.45 quintal (q), 13883.22 q and 6025.62 q in Kantli, Dhaniyakot and Dabra-Saonral villages respectively (Kanwal et al. 2016).
In Shahdarah Sharief village of Rajouri district of (Jammu & Kashmir) the estimated maximum fodder consumption was 16.83 kg/day/household, 13.16 kg/day/household of livestock feed is derived from crop residue and 5.56 kg/day/household from tree leaves (Qureshi et al. 2015), whereas, in Fulwari village of same district, Sharma et al. (2015) found low utilization of crop residue as fodder (only 7.36 kg/day/household), while other fodder constitutes are tree leaves (5.06 kg/day/household) and green fodder (1.33 kg/day/household).
Akhter and Malaviya (2014) found an increase in consumption of green fodder (11.43 kg/day/household) in the village Chak Chua (district Jammu), whereas only 2.62 kg/day/household of fodder is consumed in form of tree leaves. However, an opposite trend was recorded by Kashyap et al. (2015) in Khatruee (Tarrah) village of the same district (Jammu), where crop residue was the most dominant component (15.83 kg/day/household), which was closely followed by green fodder (14.3 kg/day/household) and least used were the tree leaves (6.16 kg/day/household).

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