Influenza: Features, Symptoms, Preventive Measures

Published: 2021-09-14 12:35:09
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Category: Illness

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As the days become shorter and colder, the influenza virus starts warming up for its annual onslaught. Each year, millions of people suffer from the influenza virus.
Fortunately, human body has a built-in network of defense mechanisms that protects us against various disease-causing viruses and other infections.While there may be times when we need to resort to over-the-counter or prescription medications, but nature has provided us with a bountiful of natural assistance that can help us to prevent and treat flu.
Influenza virus is commonly known as the “flu”. Flu is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus. It is caused by different strains, such as A, B and C. The majority of flu in Australia is caused by A and B.
Type A and B are responsible for epidemics of respiratory illness while type C is usually mild and may come and go without any symptoms. It does not cause or contribute to epidemics.
That’s the reason why prevention and treatment efforts are targeted mostly at types A and B.
Type A and B strains can lead to the long-term problems such as pneumonia, chronic lung disease and asthma.
According to a survey conducted by the Australian Influenza Surveillance Report, it is estimated that each year flu causes an average of 18,000 hospitalizations and 300,000 GP consultations each year.
Experts think that flu can spread easily from person to person through respiratory droplets, sometimes this may be due to the vapors that disperse through sneeze or a cough.
It usually starts with a fever-generally up to 100 to 103F. Symptoms such as sore throat, headache, runny or stuffy nose and cough may appear suddenly.
These symptoms typically last up to 3-4 days, followed by several days of continued weakness and fatigue. Worsening of symptoms might indicate the severe illness.
Sometimes these complications can be deadly.
Flu outbreaks typically occur in small and localized populations, such as work place, schools and families. Most people recover without complication-if it last for only short periods of time.
People over the age of 50 and those with chronic immune deficiency or disorders involving the cardiovascular, diabetes or respiratory system may be at the high risk for developing serious illness and complications when they get the flu.
Signs of severe flu sickness:
Fever 100-103F
Runny nose
Difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath
Pain in chest
Children might get diarrhea
Severe muscle, body or joint aches
Severe or persistent vomiting
Because of the changing nature of some viruses, sometimes make our immune system think they’re new virus, which affects our body defense system.
Best way to prevent flu and cold is the good hygiene. Washing hands specially before eating food can avoid getting spreading of germs.
-Cover your Mouth
Cover your mouth and nose specially when sneezing or coughing. This will help prevent spreading flu to others.
-Bin your Tissues
Try to use tissue papers instead of cloth or handkerchief. Used tissue papers should directly go into the bin.
-Avoid Frequent Face Touching
Try keeping your hands away from your face to prevent germs from entering the body.
-Avoid Sharing
Avoid sharing computers, towels, clothes, food and eating utensils.
-Eat Mindfully
Learn to listen to your body’s needs. Decrease the intake of refined and processed foods. Load up on the foods that are rich in vitamins and minerals.
-Fight Dehydration
Increase the fluid intake. Fluid such as water, diluted juices, and herbal teas supports against flu and fever. These fluids warm up the body’s system, augmenting the infection and stimulate perspiration to prevent too high a fever.
The only true cure to flu is time and a healthy diet. Historically, healthy diet has been widely successful in treating the flu. Staying hydrated and eating vitamins and antioxidants enriched rich foods can help you boost your immune system while restoring the balance to your body.

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