The port is the vital link in the long chain of transportation, the main function of a port is to supply services to freight (warehousing, trans-shipment, etc.) and ships (piers, refuelling, repairs, etc.). Ports are sources of employment of commercial interactions, they also generate externalities such as noise and congestion near their access points. The pressure of many ports on their sites is even more demanding than those of airports because they have to be adjacent to deep water. Such sites are very limited, and may give rise to conflicts with the city that sees waterfront land as potential high value residential and commercial areas, park space, or as environmentally sensitive (Rodrigue, 2017).
By nature port planning is a multidisciplinary activity. It involves expertise in the field of transport economics, shipping, nautical matters, safety and logistics. Also knowledge of waves and currents, sediment transport and coastal morphology, dredging and land reclamation, and design of breakwaters and quays. Hence port planning is teamwork (H. Ligteringen, 2012). The design of the terminal building and its landscape context should allow commuters to engage these dynamic experiences, which will change according to time of day, weather and season ( Rotch Traveling Fellowship, 2007). Modern port infrastructure is an essential component of economic and social development, particularly in economically emerging markets and countries. In the case of the proposal, it also affects the economy of the Municipality of Larena and the province of Siquijor.Centrality and Functionality
Globalization and transport revolutions, logistics integration, and the consequent expansion of port area and in the maritime industry have redefined the functional role of ports in supply chains and have generated a new pattern of freight distribution. This phenomenon again requires a new approach towards port development and related urban planning (Sung-WooLee, Dong-WookSong, Cesar Dueruet, 2006). The main function of a port is to supply services to freight (warehousing, transhipment, etc.) and ships (piers, refuelling, repairs, etc.).
Safety and Security
Terminals may also be points of interchange between different modes of transportation and their respective networks, so that goods being shipped may travel from one place to another (Rodrigue, 2017). Hence, the port can be very prone to threats with the busy interaction of spaces in and around the facility. Moreover, several factors can affect occupational accident frequency, namely economical factors, technologies used (low automation, discontinuous operating) job design, organization of work/environmental conditions and human factors (BrunoFabiano, FabioCurròAndrea P.Reverberi, RenatoPastorino, 2010).
Foss Waterway Seaport
This seaport terminal is designed by Olson Kundig Architects. The architectural design concept is to draw out the inherent exquisiteness of the building and the vessels it houses. The structure of the building resembles a heroic model. In the same way, as other vessels, the building is a genuine community treasure. Additionally, as indicated in the archdaily article, the structure likewise fills in a historical point that is considered as vital to the development of its waterfront. The adaptive re-use improvements, which will incorporate conservation, new development, site work and renovation, result themselves to the three design objectives: 1) A welcoming entry, 2) Maximizing instructive experience, and 3) Celebrate history.
Phl Seaport Terminal
As per the PhilStar article, MNHPI executive Michael Romero said at the starting occasion with respect to the opening of the Phl’s first “world-class” seaport that the very much anchored complex will “totally eradicate the picture” of the old harbor since quite a while ago thought about a shelter for culprits. According to Romero, the complex is intended to give travelers a life-changing and unparalleled experience and is the first of its kind in the Philippines. Traveler comfort is given an utmost consideration. The official said the new 11,600-square meter terminal at Pier 4 at Manila North Harbor currently has a profoundly prepared security group and location gadgets some of these are the x-ray filtering machines and other passenger facilities such as advantageous waiting areas, ticketing floors, shoot corners and a 2,000-sq. meter parking area. The complex intends to lift the status of Manila North Harbor as the nation’s premium marine center point tantamount to passenger terminals abroad.
AD Classics: Yokohama International Passenger Terminal / Foreign Office Architects (FOA)
According to the Archdaily article, the futuristic terminal signified an emanant typology of transportation infrastructure. Its radical, hyper-innovative design discovered new boundaries of architectural form and at the same time incited an influential discourse on the social responsibility of vast scale activities to improve shared urban spaces. As indicated by the architects, the structural scheme is particularly skilled at adapting to the lateral forces of seismic movements, an essential precondition of structures of its size in Japan. While the outlines of the building once in a while deceive an element of randomness, they are in fact produced by a solitary circulation scheme that directs the spatial association.
Salerno Maritime Terminal / Zaha Hadid Architects
As stated in the Archdaily article this structure was introduced on 25 April 2016, the new Salerno Maritime Terminal by Zaha Hadid Architects is vital to the city’s urban arrangement. Started by Mayor Vincenzo De Luca, now Governor of the Campania Region, and proceeded under the city’s present Mayor Vincenzo Napoli, the 1993 plan for Salerno Salerno focused on the advancement of fundamental projects and activities for the social, environmental and economic renewal of the city. As part of the 1993 plan, Zaha Hadid Architects won the international competition in 2000 to design the new terminal. Situated on the general population quay that stretches out into Salerno’s working harbor and marina, the new maritime terminal proceeds with the city’s association with the ocean and builds up new connections; interfacing Salerno’s rich maritime traditions with its notable urban fabric and beyond to the hills that frame the city. During the evening, the sparkle of the terminal close to the harbor passageway will go about as a lighthouse to the port, inviting guests to the city.
In designing ports and terminals, one must give an utmost attention to the functionality, safety, and accessibility of the passengers. The researcher must consider the centrality of the terminal in order to link with the different kinds of traffic and movement within the development. Also, with the normal environment of the port which attracts noise and congestion on its access points, the researcher must also consider and preserve the built environment around the site. Moreover, a terminal does not only serve as a gate or gateway but as well as a chance of a new experience for the passengers. Thus, the design of the terminal building and its landscape context should allow commuters to engage in these dynamic experiences and bring with them their remarkable experiences.