The History of Placebo Effect's Nature and Its Effects

Published: 2021-09-14 20:00:08
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Category: Medicine

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Placebo, deriving from the Latin definition ‘I shall please’ is often referred to in modern day as a given treatment with no real effect – often a sugar pill disguised as some sort of medication. It is through prescription of placebos that the placebo effect comes into play. Through belief that the given treatment is effective, placebo treatments can be beneficial. In other words, the mere thought that a treatment has been received causes a beneficial physical response.
Placebos are often used in modern day medical treatment, helping researchers advance and discover the effectiveness of new medications.Placebos are often used in clinical trials as an inactive control to assist in evaluation of the effectiveness of an experimental medicine or drug etc. In most cases, the assessed drug must possess a more effective outcome in order to be identified as a valid drug treatment. Placebos are also used to identify potential treatments for side effects.
History of placebo uses
Throughout the 16th century, placebo relics were used to avoid excessive exorcisms; if an individual was showing signs of possession, a false relic would be presented. If the individual reacted to the false relic as if it was authentic, the priest would claim the patient’s activity as imaginary, not work of the devil.
In 1752, James Lind, a navy doctor, released his own paper, A Treatise of the Scurvy after performing, unaware, the first trial using placebo groups. Placebo has been used in multiple trials over generations, and is still used in modern times, although, it was first shed into light through Henry K. Beetcher’s paper ‘the powerful placebo’ published late 1955. Placebos are frequently used in clinical trials as an inactive control to assist evaluation of the effectiveness of an experimental medicine or drug. In most cases, the assessed drug must possess a more effective outcome in order to be identified as a valid drug treatment. Placebos are also used to identify potential treatments for side effects.
The biological effect of placebo
It is distinguished that certain parts of the body react to placebo more than others; tumors will not shrink and fevers will not diminish, although many other issues can be treated such as anxiety, pain, insomnia, asthma, depression, irritable bowls, stomach ulcers and much more. Consider this situation – if a patient were to have a needle inserted into their arm, certain parts of the individual’s brain would be activated such as the section that registers pain and the section that informs the body to respond and jerk the effected arm away. As well as this, many emotional components would be activated too, such as anxiety, stress, and fear. However, if the recipient was told that the needle was a therapeutic acupuncture needle, it is likely that, although the same brain areas would become active, the individual’s endogenous opioids would also be triggered.

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